India to be Renamed Bharat? Special Parliament Session to Decide


The government, sparking widespread discussions and debates across India, is considering renaming the country from ‘India’ to ‘Bharat This historic decision, centered around “India to be Renamed Bharat,” is set to be discussed in a special session of Parliament like to starts on 18 September 2023. The proposal has not only political ramifications but also profound cultural and historical significance.

Evolution from Ancient India to be Renamed Bharat: A Journey to Modern Times

From Ancient Roots to Modern Identity:

The name ‘India’ finds its origins in the word ‘Indus,’ referring to the ancient Indus Valley Civilization. However, in ancient times, ‘Bharat’ was the name for the region we now recognize as ‘India.’ The term ‘Bharat’ traces its roots to the Mahabharata, one of India’s most revered epic texts.

Bharat’s history as a name goes back thousands of years, deep into the heart of Indian mythology and tradition. It was the legendary emperor Bharata, a key figure in the epic Mahabharata, who lent his name to the land. Bharata ruled the kingdom that encompassed the present-day Indian subcontinent, and his legacy lived on through the generations.

This historical context provides a deep connection between the keyphrase “India to be Renamed Bharat” and the cultural identity of India. The term ‘Bharat’ transcends mere nomenclature; it embodies a legacy that has been passed down through generations.

India to be Renamed Bharat

Bharat and its Historical Significance:

‘Renaming India as Bharat was more than just a name; it symbolized India’s rich history and cultural heritage. It represented a land steeped in spirituality, diverse traditions, and a deep connection to its past. Over centuries, the name ‘Bharat’ held the essence of a united subcontinent, reflecting the unity in diversity that defines India.

The ancient texts and scriptures of India, including the Vedas, Puranas, and epics like the Ramayana and Mahabharata, frequently used the term ‘Bharat’ to refer to the land. This not only emphasized the historical significance of renaming India to ‘Bharat’ but also highlighted its deep integration into the country’s cultural fabric.

The essence of ‘Bharat’ symbolized a unified civilization that extended from the Himalayas in the north to the oceans in the south, from the deserts in the west to the forests in the east. It represented the amalgamation of diverse cultures, languages, and traditions that coexisted harmoniously.

India to be Renamed Bharat: The Ongoing Debate

Government’s Stand on India to be Renamed Bharat:

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government is at the forefront of this proposed name change. Advocates argue that renaming the country from ‘India’ to ‘Bharat’ represents a step toward embracing and celebrating India’s ancient identity It signifies a return to the country’s roots and a reaffirmation of its cultural heritage.

The government’s perspective on this renaming deeply roots in a desire to reconnect with India’s historical and cultural identity. It sees ‘Bharat’ as a more authentic and meaningful representation of the nation’s heritage. In the eyes of the government, this change is not merely a cosmetic alteration but a way to strengthen the connection between the modern Indian state and its ancient roots.

Furthermore, the proponents of this change argue that ‘Bharat’ encapsulates the unity and diversity of the country better than ‘India.’ It reflects the idea of a united nation composed of diverse states and cultures. Advocates believe that this change will reinforce the sense of oneness among Indians, transcending regional and linguistic boundaries.

Opposition’s Take on India to be Renamed Bharat:

However, the proposed change is not without its critics. The opposition, led by the Congress party, has raised objections. They question the need for such a change and argue that it is a distraction from pressing issues. The renaming, they claim, undermines India’s secular and diverse identity.

The government’s timing and priorities concern the opposition, shaping their stance. They argue that at a time when the country faces numerous challenges, including the ongoing pandemic and economic issues, a name change should not be the primary focus. Instead, they advocate directing attention towards addressing these critical issues.

Opponents also express concerns about potential political motivations behind renaming India to Bharat. They see it as an attempt to divert attention from substantive matters and assert a particular ideological agenda. The opposition emphasizes the importance of preserving India’s pluralistic identity, where people of all backgrounds feel included.

The Symbolic Shift: ‘India to be Renamed Bharat

Bharat as a Symbol of Unity:

For proponents of the name change, ‘Bharat’ symbolizes unity. It represents the idea of a united nation composed of diverse states and cultures. Advocates believe that this change will reinforce the sense of oneness among Indians, transcending regional and linguistic boundaries.

The symbolism of ‘Bharat’ lies in its ability to unite a country as vast and diverse as India. It recalls the ancient concept of ‘Akhand Bharat’ or ‘Undivided India,’ signifying the subcontinent as a single entity bound by shared history and culture.

In the eyes of those who support this renaming, ‘Bharat’ is not just a name but a unifying force. It reminds Indians of their common heritage and shared values. It serves as a reminder that regardless of the language they speak, the region they come from, or the faith they practice, they are all part of one ‘Bharat.’

Cultural Heritage and Pride:

‘Bharat’ evokes a sense of cultural pride among many Indians. It reflects the country’s rich tapestry of traditions, languages, and religions. Supporters argue that renaming India as ‘Bharat’ will foster a deeper connection to this cultural heritage.

One cannot overstate the cultural significance of ‘Bharat. India is a land of immense diversity, with each region contributing to the vibrant mosaic of the nation’s culture. ‘Bharat’ encapsulates this diversity and serves as a reminder of the shared cultural heritage that unites Indians.

Furthermore, ‘Bharat’ resonates with the idea of ‘Bharatiyata’ or ‘Indianness.’ It is a term that transcends religious, linguistic, and regional boundaries. It signifies a collective identity rooted in the ancient traditions and values that have shaped the subcontinent for millennia.

Prior Name Changes Worldwide and the India to be Renamed Bharat Proposal:

Global Examples:

Renaming a nation is not an uncommon occurrence on the global stage. Several countries have undertaken name changes to better reflect their identities, history, or aspirations. Examples below provide context to the ongoing debate surrounding the proposal to rename India as ‘Bharat..”

Turkey, for instance, officially adopted the name ‘Türkiye’ to align its identity with the Turkish language and culture. This change aimed at strengthening the country’s national identity and asserting its unique position in the world.

The Netherlands chose to transition from the primarily used name ‘Holland’ to ‘the Netherlands’ to better represent the entire country, rather than just a specific region. This shift in nomenclature aimed to promote a more inclusive and accurate portrayal of the nation.

In 2019, the Republic of Macedonia officially became the Republic of North Macedonia, marking the end of a long-standing naming dispute with Greece. This change allowed North Macedonia to secure its place on the international stage while resolving a contentious issue with a neighboring country.

Sri Lanka’s Example:

Sri Lanka’s decision to change its name from ‘Ceylon’ to ‘Sri Lanka’ was a significant moment in its post-colonial history. They made the change to distance the country from its colonial past and assert its independent identity.

The transformation from ‘Ceylon’ to ‘Sri Lanka’ represented a deliberate break from colonial associations. ‘The name ‘Ceylon’ was a colonial-era inheritance, no longer aligning with the aspirations of an independent nation. Therefore, in 1972, Sri Lanka officially adopted the name that better reflected its Sinhalese and Tamil heritage.

This name change signaled a shift toward a more inclusive national identity that recognized and respected the diversity of the country’s population. It also conveyed a sense of ownership over the nation’s destiny.

The Path Forward: India to be Renamed Bharat

Public Opinion:

The proposed renaming of India as ‘Bharat’ has ignited a passionate debate among the public. While some embrace the change as a return to their cultural roots, others view it with skepticism. Gathering public sentiment will be crucial in shaping the decision.

Public opinion on the name change varies widely across the country. Proponents of ‘Bharat’ argue that it resonates with the masses, particularly those in rural areas, who identify more with the term than ‘India.’ They believe that this change is an opportunity to bridge the gap between urban and rural populations, fostering a sense of belonging and pride.

However, there are also concerns that the name change might be divisive. India is a nation with a multitude of languages, cultures, and identities. For some, ‘India’ is a unifying term that transcends regional differences. They fear that imposing ‘Bharat’ could inadvertently create divisions based on linguistic and cultural preferences.

Parliamentary Resolution:

The government will present a resolution to rename India for a vote in Parliament during the special session. The outcome of this vote will determine whether India officially adopts ‘Bharat’ as its name.

The parliamentary resolution is the final step in the process of renaming the country. It is a critical moment in India’s history, as elected representatives will make a decision that could shape the nation’s identity for generations to come. The debate in Parliament will provide an opportunity for lawmakers to voice the concerns and aspirations of their constituents.

The nation and the world will closely watch the outcome of the vote. It will reflect the collective will of the people’s representatives and signify whether ‘Bharat’ will replace ‘India’ as the official name of the country.


In conclusion, the proposal to rename India as ‘Bharat’ is a momentous decision with far-reaching implications. It reflects a desire to honor India’s ancient heritage and cultural diversity. However, it also sparks debates about the country’s identity and unity. As India embarks on this historic journey, the world watches to see how the nation’s identity evolves and how ‘Bharat’ reclaims its place in history. Whether ‘Bharat’ becomes the new name of India or not, this discussion undoubtedly deepens our understanding of the country’s rich heritage and identity. It symbolizes the ongoing dialogue between the ancient roots of ‘Bharat’ and the modern identity of ‘India.’

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